Multi-Functional Gigabit Wireless N Router
with USB storage, printer and media server
|3rd Party Firmware|
|Brand Model Rev||
|Serial Num. Prefix||
Samsung K4N511163QZ-HC25 or K4T51163QG-HCE6 x 2
|Ethernet Port Count||
|Ethernet interface OUI|
|Expansion IF types||
|USB Hub Compatible||
12 VDC, 1.25 A
yes, 4-pin header, JP2, populated, 3.3v TTL, (115200,8,N,1)
yes, 12-pin header, JP1, unpopulated
|Supported by TJTAG/Version||Yes/3.02|
|Default IP address||
|Default login user||
|Default login password||
|3rd Party Firmware Support|
|FCC approval date||27 April 2009|
(UPC DB, On eBay)
(On Amazon, On CCC)
|Country of manuf||China|
|Wireless interface OUI|
|Antenna Connector Type||
Internal/U.FL, 3 x RP-SMA External Removable
up to 300 Mbps
up to 54 Mbps
up to 11 Mbps
|WiFi Operating Frequency||
ap sta wet led wme pio 802.11d 802.11h rm cqa mbss16 afterburner ampdu amsdurx amsdutx acktiming rxchain_p wrsave radio_pwrsave
While the N16 is default clocked at 480MHz, the CPU is 533MHz capable.
- 1 Wikidevi Notes
- 2 Links of Interest
- 3 Flashing
- 4 Upgrading
- 5 Reverting
- 6 DD-WRT Recovery Mode
- 7 JTAG-Serial Info
- 8 USB Info
- 9 vlan Info
- 10 Pictures
- 11 Notes
- 12 Personal Experiences
- 13 Hardware Modification
- 14 See Also
Links of Interest
- Asus RT-N16/if data
- Stealth Mode (Timer function) RT-N66
- MB-RAM-amp-Wi-Fi-2-4-5-GHz-DualBand Asus RT-N16 + 256MB RAM & Wi-Fi 2.4 or 5 GHz DualBand
- dd-wrt RT-N16 & Dual WAN
- 100 pages of RT-N16 post Condensed
- rt73usb + aircrack1.0
- 15407 & Higher USB drive mounting
- USB to Serial TTL Mod
- My RT-N16 if data
- Asus RT-N16 now supported
- Wireless-N Configuration
- Asus RT-N16 - OpenWRT Wiki
- Wireless-N Throughput Testing
- Is it possible to turn off the LEDs for RT-N16 with DD-WRT?
- (Success) ASUS RT-N16 + p910nd USB Printing
- RT-N16 & Dual WAN
- Asus RT-N16 Load Equalization/Load Balance Help
- DD-WRT Kong Mod USB/FTP/miniDLNA/Samba3 for all broadcom 47xx units with =>8MB Flash (WNR3500L, Asus RT-N16, Linksys WRT610N V2) build 15000
- Asus RT-N16 DebWrt (Debian on OpenWrt base) Wiki Page
During configuration or flashing a device, the only things that should be hooked to the device is the computer and power.
|NOTE: It is recommended to use ASUS Firmware restoration tool for ASUS routers initial flash (use *.TRX file).|
|WARNING: Do not flash micro this unit!|
|WARNING: Requires K2.6 for DD-WRT, Do not flash anything else!|
- Download the firmware located here: dd-wrt.v24-14929_NEWD-2_K2.6_mini_RT-N16.trx
- Do a factory reset in the Asus GUI. Let the router reboot. Disconnect all cables (WAN, USB, etc.) and plug the Ethernet cable from your PC into the LAN1 port on the router.
- Using Internet Explorer (IMPORTANT), Flash the downloaded firmware file through the router's GUI at http://192.168.1.1/. This process takes about 60 seconds. Asus factory default username/password is admin/admin.
- ALTERNATE - I was unable to get the initial firmware flashed on a stock router containing the latest RN-16 firmware. Alternatively you can use the ASUS Firmware Restoration Utility (included on router CD or downloadable from ) to flash the initial firmware. Install the application, load up the initial firmware, then unplug the router, and replug it in with the black RESTORE button depressed. The power light should now be blinking slowly, meaning the router is in restore mode and ready for the new firmware. Upload and wait for router reset. This was the only method that allowed me overwrite stock firmware. Follow remainder of instructions normally. -ApatheticNow
- After the reboot from flashing, wait for the device to show the password change screen for DD-WRT. Enter root as the user and anything for the password as you will do the user/pass procedure again after the final flash.
- Do a Factory Reset to clear the NVRAM. This is located under Administration -> Factory Defaults in the DD-WRT Web-GUI, or open up a telnet session to your router and type erase nvram followed by the command reboot (This is the preferred method). You will be presented with the password change screen again after this step is complete.
- Download and flash the full featured Firmware dd-wrt.v24-14929_NEWD-2_K2.6_big.bin under Administration -> Firmware Upgrade.
- NOTE : in the Firmware Upgrade Tab where it says "After flashing, reset to" choose "Reset to Default settings".
- NOTE : For the final flash (Upgrade), it is wise to walk away for ~5 minutes while the Mega Firmware is flashing. This ensures all NVRAM variables are successfully loaded by the Kernel before the user configures.
- Check for recommended builds.
- Enjoy DD-WRT on the RT-N16!
- Think about donating to DD-WRT.
Note: some people say you need to install DD-WRT first. I do NOT recommend anyone to install DD-WRT first before installing Tomato on Asus routers.
- Download a suitable tomato firmware
- Install the Asus router utility from the CD that came with the router. Run \Utility\setup.exe from the CD to install it. If you no longer have the CD you can also download it from the Asus website.
- Disable Firewall on your computer.
- Disable anti-virus on your computer.
- Connect your computer to one of the LAN ports of the router with an ethernet cable.
- Assign a static IP of 192.168.1.10 and subnet mask 255.255.255.0 to your computer LAN port.
- Disconnect the router WAN port if you already have a cable plugged into that port.
- From Windows Start menu, run ASUS Utility -> RT-N Wireless Router -> Firmware Restoration.
- Click the Browse button and select the file that you downloaded in step #1. Don’t click the upload button yet.
- Put the router in recovery mode: Unplug the power cord of the router. Hold down the black Restore button using a pen (not the red button). Plug the power cord back in. Once the power light starts flashing slowing, release the Restore button. The power light should continue to flash. The flashing light means the router is ready to accept the new firmware in recovery mode.
- Click the upload button in the Restoration utility. If it warns about incorrect Asus firmware, ignore it. The firmware should now start uploading into the router. Don’t touch anything while the firmware is being uploaded. (Note: these steps worked when I flashed my RT-N16. However, the utility could not find my RT-N12 B1 when I tried to flash the router, although it did work for other people. After failing for more than a dozen times, I tried to perform the upload first before putting the router in recovery mode, then it finally worked. Later I tried a different unit of RT-N12 B1 strangely it could be flashed the first time using the normal procedure. If neither of these procedures work, please see the Addendum in The Wiert Corner, and the tftp method described by Simeon W in the comments section.)
- No matter whether the utility says the upload is completed, or it hangs at a certain percent, DO NOT PANIC, and WAIT FOR FIVE MINUTES before you do anything else.
- After five minutes, open a browser and go to http://192.168.1.1. Login with user “admin” (or “root”) and password “admin”. You should be logged into Tomato.
- Administration -> Configuration -> Restore Default Configuration -> Erase all data in NVRAM memory(thorough) -> OK (Note: there is a forum report saying this reset function does not work properly on RT-N53 – in this case, try the hardware reset button.)
- After it is completed, login again, enable DHCP (for Toastman Builds), change admin password, enable WiFi security if you use WiFi, plug in your WAN connection and configure it. Also take a look at the CPU frequency, you may need to manually change it if it is not correct. (Note: overclocking your router is usually not a good idea from my experience.)
- Change your computer LAN port back to use DHCP (dynamic address) and dynamic DNS.
Wiert Corner method
- pull the power plug on the RT N66U
- press and hold the reset button
- insert the power plug on the RT N66U
- wait for the power led to slowly blink
- release the reset button
- wait a few minutes for the modem to become stable
- in the mean time set your PC to these IPv4 settings: – host =
192.168.1.100– mask =
- start your web-browser
- point your web-browser to
http://192.168.1.1(it will time out, don’t worry)
- press the power button to turn off the router
- wait a few seconds
- press the power button to turn on the router now your router gets into rescue mode
- refresh your browser so it goes to
- upload your Tomato firmware
Put the router into recovery mode, set a static IP address on the computer then run in the shell:
Wait several minutes while firmware transfers and router updates. Reboot twice, waiting 3 minutes in between each reboot, and the router should now have tomato installed.
- Download the firmware
- Do a factory reset in the GUI. Let the router reboot.
- Flash the downloaded firmware file through the router's GUI at http://192.168.1.1/
- After flashed, wait for the device to show the password change screen for DD-WRT.
- Do a Factory Reset to clear the NVRAM.
Reverting to OEM Firmware from DD-WRT
- Download the latest ASUS firmware from asus's site.
- Rename the asus file from .trx to .bin
- go into the DD-WRT firmware upgrade page, set it to reset defaults, and select the ASUS firmware you renamed.
- After the flash finishes, and you see the ASUS GUI, do a Factory Reset to clear the NVRAM.
- Try to enjoy ASUS's firmware, and keep missing DD-WRT. (you can just flash back to dd-wrt if you ever want)
DD-WRT Recovery Mode
This router does have a recovery mode if ever needed for flashing, and to access it, press the reset button, then plug in power, and tftp the firmware you want to flash. Dont forget to do a Factory Reset in the GUI before and after every flash to make sure you dont have any nvram problems or conflicts.
Special thanks to Eko for making this possible!
nTRST 1o o2 GND TDI 3o o4 GND TDO 5o o6 GND TMS 7o o8 GND TCK 9o o10 GND nSRST 11o o12 N/C
Using Universal JTAG Adapter
white 1o o2 black red 3o o4 GND blue 5o o6 GND green 7o o8 GND yellow 9o o10 GND orange 11o o12 N/C
- /byte_mode switch required
DD-WRT JTAG Recovery
- Backup CFE x2 (Compare the files, they must match exactly or there is something wrong with your JTAG setup)
- Erase Wholeflash x2
- Flash CFE
- Unplug Power
- Unplug JTAG Cable
- Set Rig ip static 192.168.1.10
- Plug network cable from rig to port 1
- Get TFTP ready, server ip - 192.168.1.1, Password - blank, file - dd-wrt.v24-13527_NEWD-2_K2.6_mini_RT-N16.trx
- Plug in power
- As soon as windows says "connected" hit upgrade. May have to use a network hub to make sure windows is always connected.
- Hard Reset 30\30\30
F VCC 1 o R R RX 2 o E O TX 3 o A N GND 4 o R T
Hyper terminal Setup in Windows XP
In Windows XP, Click Start Button - All Programs - Accessories - Communication - HyperTerminal Enter a name for the connection, Click ok Choose com port you adapter is plugged into, Click ok Set: Bits per second = 115200 Data Bits = 8 Parity = none Stop bits = 1 Flow control = none Click ok Click File - Save As, and select a place to save it to so you don't have to enter the settings again.
Putty Setup in Windows XP
After installing putty, run it Serial line = The COM port your using for serial (ie. COM3) Speed = 115200 Click on Serial under Connection Serial line to connect to = same as above (Serial line) Speed (baud) = 115200 Data bits = 8 Stop bits = 1 Parity = none Flow control = none Click Session Enter a name for your connection under saved sessions Click Save Click Open
DD-WRT Serial Recovery
Modified redhawk0 instructions
- Connect Serial cable
- Start one of the programs from above
- Get TFTP ready with file selected
- Use dd-wrt.v24-13527_NEWD-2_K2.6_mini_RT-N16.trx
- Connect power to the router
- start a rapid fire Cntl-C as you plug the router to power
- type "nvram erase" w/o quotes, hit enter
- type "flash -noheader : flash1.trx" w/o quotes, this starts the tftp daemon, hit enter
- but have tftp.exe ready
- Click go or start on TFTP
- give it 5 minutes after it finishes
- then power cycle....Hard reset or 30/30/30...then config
- when it stops spitting out txt....hit the enter key...you should get a login prompt...at that point, power cycle it, hard reset...then config
- you'll see it boot up
The USB port is where you can connect an external USB hard drive or flash drive. Which can do a multitude of things. You can use in as a NAS, storage for a FTP server, use Optware to run external programs like torrent software, samba for sharing files to your network, share a USB printer with your network... The list of possibilities is long, it just takes a little research.
TomatoUSB comes with file sharing, ftp server and media server built in.
DD-WRT vlan Info
Per fggs, Reference: Routers that will and won't support VLAN
Confirmed working on an Asus RT-N16 using 14929 K2.6 NEWD-2, I had to add the commands..
insmod switch-core insmod switch-robo
and save as startup, after which
Showed up, also as jumran mentioned, the webgui works thereafter the ins~ commands are saved to startup.
Edit: almost forgot...
1 2 3 4 | Case labels 4 3 2 1 | NVRAM ports
Build 15407 and later
The devs of dd-wrt have removed the loading of file system drivers from the startup of the firmware. They are now loaded on demand with automount. Well, this presents a problem for those of us with USB HDD that automount doesn't detect. In order to load the file system drivers at startup you need to add the following to save startup in the commands tab.
For K2.6 builds only that have the modules already in place
insmod /lib/modules/18.104.22.168/kernel/fs/mbcache.ko insmod /lib/modules/22.214.171.124/kernel/fs/ext2/ext2.ko insmod /lib/modules/126.96.36.199/kernel/fs/jbd/jbd.ko insmod /lib/modules/188.8.131.52/kernel/fs/ext3/ext3.ko
This loads the ext2 and ext3 file system drivers.
The mtd flash partitions
The factory firmware and the dd-wrt firmware use different partition schemes.
ASUS has 4 partitions:
0x00000000-0x00040000 : "boot" 0x00040000-0x01fe0000 : "linux" 0x001dff88-0x01fe0000 : "rootfs" 0x01fe0000-0x02000000 : "nvram"
dd-wrt has 5 :
0x00000000-0x00040000 : "cfe" 0x00040000-0x01fe0000 : "linux" 0x00187000-0x00720000 : "rootfs" mtd: partition "rootfs" doesn't start on an erase block boundary – force read-only 0x01fe0000-0x02000000 : "nvram" 0x00720000-0x01fe0000 : "ddwrt"
likely the "linux" partition is not dd-wrt at all, but a remnant of the ASUS fw, as rootfs overlaps with it. in either case, the asus "boot" is binary identical to dd-wrt "cfe"
what does a functioning OpenWRT partition scheme look like?
nvram show | grep vlan.ports vlan0ports=1 2 3 4 5* <-- Eko says it causes no problems vlan1ports=4 3 2 1 8* <-- natted LAN vlan2ports=0 8 <-- WAN
For newer 802.11n routers the variable vlan1ports equals to the natted LAN side while, vlan2ports refers to the WAN side. Was told by Eko not to worry about vlan0ports, that it didn't cause any problems.
By factory default the cpu is clocked at 480MHz and the Ram at 240MHz. Overclocking at CPU 532MHz / Ram 266 MHz can be achieved with these commands:
nvram set clkfreq=532,266 nvram commit reboot
Note: some users have had overheating issues, so adding a fan may be a good idea if you want to try the overclocking.
Note: other instability issues may also arise from overclocking. Overclocking is NOT a good idea.
Note: See also Overclocking BCM 47xx CPU's for more info.
UPnP fix with swap on
If using SVN13450 (Eko Big) which still has swap enable option, you can manually enable UPnP with these commands in your start-up script:
nvram set wan0_primary=1 nvram commit
Current Known DD-WRT Issues and Bugs
- UPNP is currently not working for the RT-N16, so for now leave the feature disabled unless you want a full CPU Load. Fixed with SVN trac Changeset #13527
- Access Restriction with MAC-Filter doesn't work on Asus RT-N16. trac Ticket #1319(as of 12/18/09)
- On this router reset button will only bring you to recovery mode. If you wish to restore defaults, use wps button while plugging power in. Post By Eko
Dark_Shadow(This information was gathered when support was in its infancy, it's long outdated):
My current USBHDD, dd-wrt's automount doesn't mount. In TomatoUSB it automounts fine. I have a HDD comming for another USBHDD enclosure. It's a Antec MX-1, we'll see how that one fairs.
Currently have 2x Western Digital My Book Essential 2TB.
It detected and automounted the drive, but only the first partition. Seems way to complicated to get the other partitions mounted.
Using My compiled(This was ages ago and I no longer have the buildand no longer compile) TomatoUSB build 54 seems everything works so far(currentlty using Shibby builds). It also has a superior wireless signal.
Things I've tried thus far: (RT-N16)
- Firmware itself - Works
- Wireless radio - Works
- USB support - Works
- File sharing - Works
- Media Server - Works
- My custom firewall - Works
- Automatic script execution - Works
- Swap - Works
- Custom Theme/Skin for GUI - Works
With recommended DD-WRT build (14929M) on Asus RT-N16's I experienced the following issues:
- httpd daemon crashes (100% CPU) when https WAN management option is enabled. This problem has also been reported here and here and a ticket was raised here. However, even though the ticket was closed because the bug was deemed to have been "fixed", no details are given and it is not clear that it has actually been fixed. As the crash may take days to happen it is difficult to diagnose the problem and therefore devise a workaround.
- Access Restrictions do not work with unbridged virtual wireless interfaces. The problem appears to be due to a bug in the "Add Bridge" GUI code which adds a rule to the iptables FORWARD chain before the lan2wan chain reference which ACCEPT's all packets originating from the new bridge. As a consequence the access restrictions which apply to traffic on this bridge are rendered ineffective. This problem can be fixed via a firewall script which searches for firewall rules targeting packets originating from the added bridges and moving them further down the FORWARD chain.
Features that work well for me:
- Wireless Radio
- Custom Firewall
- Multiple WLAN's
- Separate WLAN's
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